E-discovery technology is a broad class of products that help legal professionals streamline and expedite this process. Most of the technologies address all or some part of the Electronic Discovery Reference Model, which maps the e-discovery process from the initial identification, preservation and collection of ESI, through to the review and analysis of the data, and then to production of the data to the opposing party.
Most e-discovery products are end-to-end suites that span most of the EDRM spectrum. Others focus on discrete parts of the process.
This Legal Tech Center focuses on two categories of e-discovery products:
Legal Holds. When litigation is contemplated or filed, legal hold software enables legal departments to manage the process of preserving potentially relevant information by issuing holds, polling custodians, and tracking compliance.
Electronic Discovery. Electronic discovery software is used in litigation to identify, preserve, collect, review and produce potentially relevant documents and information.
Although e-discovery products are most typically used in litigation, their use has expanded into other areas where legal professionals are required to review and produce large amounts of data in response to legally authorized requests. Two common examples of how this technology is used outside the litigation context are by businesses that must respond to government investigations and by government agencies that must respond to freedom-of-information requests.